Location and Weather

Kashan
Kashan is a city in Isfahan province of Iran with a population of about 396,987 in 90,828 families based on the 2017 census. The altitude of the city is approximately 940m above the sea level and its climate is dry with extremely hot summers and very cold winters that can be explained by the existence of adjacent Dasht-e-Kavir (northern desert of Iran). It is also known for Maranjab Desert and Caravanserai located near the Namak Lake (or salt lake). 
Traditionally, Kashan has been famous for producing silk, carpet, velvet, rose water and potteries. Today, in addition to those traditional products, its automotive industry is active in producing cars and motorcycles. 
The town is surrounded by desert from the north and east, and thus it has a typical climate of hot and dry in summer, cold and dry in winter, and very little rainfall during the year. These conditions make agriculture difficult. 

Kashan has 4 sister cities around the world: 
•     Bochum, Germany
•     Umeå, Sweden
•     Kazanlak, Bulgaria
•     Sabzevar, Iran


 

History
Kashan’s history dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The city name comes from the Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city whose remains are found at Sialk Hills (Tappeh-ye Sialk). The archeological evidences found in the Sialk Hills in the west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic era. The registered history of Sialk ziggurat dates back to 7,000 years ago. 
Kashan was a leisure spot for Safavi Kings. Bagh-e Fin (Fin Garden), specifically, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran. This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas I as a classical Persian vision of paradise. The original Safavid buildings have been substantially replaced and rebuilt by the Qajar dynasty although the layout of trees and marble basins is close to the original. The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman. The garden is also notorious as the site of the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan known as Amir Kabir, chancellor of Nasser-al-Din Shah, Iran's king in 1852.


Artifacts
Carpet making is the main industrial product of the town, and the carpets are exported to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and other neighboring countries. Recently, natural gas and oil resources have been discovered near the city. 
Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important center for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian, the word for a tile (kashi) comes from the name of the town. It was situated near the Silk Road and many caravans would pass it on their way from Europe to the Orient. 

Tourist attractions
After well-known Iranian historical cities such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for the tourists because of its many historical sites, the most famous of which are Sialk Hills and Fin Garden.

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse  Also known as the Qasemi Bathhouse, Sultan Amir Ahmad bathhouse (Hammam-e Sultan Amir Ahmad) is a traditional public bathhouse constructed in the 16th century, during the Safavid era. In an area of around 1000 square meters, this bathhouse consists of two main parts: the sarbineh (dressing

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse

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Bazar is located in the center of Kashan with its famous and fantastic mudbrick architecture, especially at its Timche-ye Amin od-Dowleh with the structure of a caravanserai in which a grand light well was built in the 19th century, dates back to the Seljuk era with renovations during the Safavid period. In the bazaar's complex, there are several mosques, tombs, caravanserais, arcades, baths, and water reservoirs beside the main bazaar.

Bazaar of Kashan

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The Meydan Mosque Meydan is another historical mosque in Kashan, Iran. It is located in the southern side of the Sang-e Ghadimi square and beside the Bazaar of Kashan. It is one of the oldest structures in Kashan. The primary structure belonged possibly to the seljuq era,. A quotation for...

The Meydan Mosque

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This mosque is the oldest historical structure in Kashan. Its only brick minaret is located in its southeastern corner. On the bottom part of the minaret, there is a kufic inscription made by embossed brick. On the inscription, it is mentioned the construction date of the minaret, which is 1074 AD. The minaret is the third oldest minaret in Iran, which has an inscription.

Jameh Mosque of Kashan

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Agha Bozorg mosque (‎Masjed-e Āghā Bozorg) is a historical mosque built in the late 18th century in the center of Kashan. Agha Bozorg (great lord), was the title given to Molla Mahdi Naraqi II also known as Mulla Mohammad Naraqi by the king. He used the mosque for preaching and teaching theological courses.
Its symmetrical design has made it one of the best Islamic complexes in Kashan. The mosque has been described as "the finest Islamic complex in Kashan and one of the best of the mid-19th century". Noted for its symmetrical design, it consists of two large iwans, one in front of the mihrab with two minarets and a brick dome, and the other by the entrance. The courtyard has a second court in the middle with trees and a fountain inside it.

Agha Bozorg Mosque

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Situated in a land of 2.3 hectares, the garden consists of a main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. It was completed in 1590 to be one of the largest Iranain gardens.  The cypress trees inside the garden are watered through a spring on a hillside behind the garden. It also contains Kashan's Fin Bath, in which Amir Kabir, the Qajarid chancellor, was murdered by an assassin sent by King Nasereddin Shah in 1852.

Fin Garden and Bathhose

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Sialk Hills or Tappeh Sialk is a large ancient archeological site located in a distance of 4 Km from the west of Kashan and close to Fin Garden. Archeologically, it is divided to northern and southern mounds (hills). The former is older and dates back to the end of the seventh millennium BC and the latter corresponds to the fifth millennium and the beginning of the fourth millennium BC. The Sialk ziggurat was built around the 3000 BC and the archeological research verify that the settlements in Sialk refers back to 6000-5500 BC i.e. more than 7000 years ago.

Sialk Hills

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Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse  Also known as the Qasemi Bathhouse, Sultan Amir Ahmad bathhouse (Hammam-e Sultan Amir Ahmad) is a traditional public bathhouse constructed in the 16th century, during the Safavid era. In an area of around 1000 square meters, this bathhouse consists of two main parts: the sarbineh (dressing

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